GM failed to prove it had been harmed by FCA’s actions or that FCA violated federal racketeering laws, Borman said in a 30-page ruling.
“We’re considering our options. I don’t want to go into specifics. An appeal is definitely an option,” GM spokesman James Cain said in a statement.
“We have said from the very outset that this was a meritless lawsuit. The dismissal of GM’s complaint with prejudice earlier today vindicates our position,” FCA said in a statement.
Borman’s ruling comes after he had described the lawsuit GM filed in November 2019 as a waste of time, but ordered GM CEO Mary Barra and FCA CEO Mike Manley to meet, without their lawyers present, to try to settle the matter.
GM appealed the order and the U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati set aside Borman’s order. However, the appeals court effectively denied GM’s request to have Borman removed from the case, opening the door to July 8's ruling.
GM’s original complaint seeking $1 billion from FCA stemmed from a federal investigation that uncovered corrupt practices leading to the convictions of three FCA executives and 10 UAW officers, according to court records.
The focus of GM’s lawsuit was the relationship between former FCA CEO, the late Sergio Marchionne, and General Holiefield, a former UAW vice president in charge of the union’s Chrysler Department, in the years after FCA and GM received federal bailouts in 2009 and before Holifield’s death in 2015. Marchionne died in 2018.
GM alleged the labor concessions secured by FCA bribes to UAW officials resulted in average labor costs of $47 an hour for FCA in 2015, $29 less than in 2006. GM’s labor costs in 2015 were $55 an hour, only $16 less than in 2006.
In his ruling, Borman refuted GM’s argument that FCA’s actions gave it a substantial cost advantage and harmed GM’s competitiveness. If GM lost market share, it wasn’t necessarily because of FCA’s lower labor costs, the judge ruled.
“GM’s labor costs were not any higher than they would have been absent FCA’s bribes. FCA’s labor costs were just lower than they would have been. In other words, FCA’s UAW workers were the direct victims of the bribes because they were paid less, and GM suffered only an indirect competitive harm,” writes Borman, the presiding judge in a number of cases in which UAW officers and representatives have pleaded guilty to criminal charges brought by a federal investigation of union corruption.