North America Continues To Lead
North America ranks as the world leader in aluminum penetration in cars, pickups, SUVs and minivans where a net increase of more than eight pounds occurred between 2006 and 2009 calendar year vehicles despite a 10 percent loss in share for large, full-frame vehicles with high aluminum content. More than 50 vehicles produced in North America contain over 10 percent aluminum content.
Honda and BMW are now the aluminum content leaders replacing General Motors and Nissan with both companies averaging more than 340 pounds of aluminum per vehicle. General Motors, Honda, Toyota, BMW, Hyundai and Volkswagen all increased the amount of aluminum content of their North American vehicles from 2006 to 2009.
On a component basis, the study cites engine blocks and steering knuckles with the largest increase in growth over the last three years; with penetration of aluminum blocks reaching nearly 70 percent – the largest driver of aluminum growth in this decade. In addition, more than 22 percent of vehicles currently made in the U.S. have aluminum hoods, an all-time record.
“We’re seeing continued growth of automotive aluminum because of the relevant advantages it offers, such as improved fuel economy and vehicle safety,” said Stemple. “In fact, hybrid and diesel vehicles when paired with aluminum can actually pay consumers back faster than if those vehicles were made of heavier steel.”
Global Growth Continues
Since the 2006 model year, aluminum content has also experienced steady growth in light vehicle applications in other regions of the world, but especially in Europe and Japan. Long-term growth rates remain in line with the significant growth rates of the late 1970s to early 1990s, despite the shift to smaller vehicles.
Worldwide aluminum content is projected to grow to 28 to 30 billion pounds per year—up from the current 16 to 17 billion pounds – between now and 2020, not taking scrap and spare parts into account.
An estimated total of 67 vehicles from the European (49) and Japanese (18) markets now contain more than 400 pounds of finished aluminum.
Experts Weigh In
As the future of the global automotive industry quickly shifts to more fuel-efficient products, vehicles around the world will be manufactured with a variety of solutions and powertrain improvements. In fact, material experts and body engineers surveyed in this study expect 25 percent of fuel economy improvement to come from weight savings, while powertrain experts predict that 50 percent of the improvements will be the result of weight reduction.
For North America specifically, automakers and other experts ranked the use of aluminum as a replacement for heavier materials as a “very significant” option to improve fuel economy to 35 miles-per-gallon by 2020 and nearly as important as hybrid technology.
Other highlights from the study include:
● Secondary (recycled) aluminum is expected to continue to represent at least 50 percent of the total amount of automotive aluminum used through 2020.
● Aluminum usage in Chinese vehicles is predicted to surpass Japanese automakers by 2020.
● Aluminum anti-lock breaking system housings will be on 85 percent of 2009 vehicles.
● Even though 2009 vehicle production will be much lower than 2006 production, there will be a need for more aluminum engine blocks, more knuckles, more suspension arms and links, more brake calipers, more hoods and more bumpers than in 2006 more information on the study and the overall advantages of automotive aluminum, please visit www.autoaluminum.org or call 248.824.8200.