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Wednesday, 12 October 2016 23:57

What to Expect: Vehicle Hacking, Accident Avoidance Technology & Cybersecurity

Index

Accident Avoidance Technology

Roy Schnepper, chairman elect of ASA, moderated a session on accident avoidance technology. Garrick Forkenbrock from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), spoke about the administration’s focus on crash avoidance technologies. He said their mission is to save lives, prevent injuries and reduce the economic costs due to road traffic safety through education, research and safety standards.

According to the NHTSA, about 32,500 people died on American roadways in 2015. This number is up 7.7 percent from 2014. Ninety-four percent of the crashes can be attributed to some form of human choice or error. “When we look at these numbers, there is a big opportunity for crash avoidance technologies to improve safety,” said Forkenbrock.

During the session, he highlighted some of the crash avoidance technologies currently available. There are two main types: passive and active. Passive avoidance technologies have been around for several years and include forward collision warning, lane departure warning and blind spot detection.

Those in the “active” category physically change the state of the vehicle and are becoming more common. There is Lateral Deviation Support (LDS), which includes lane keeping support, lane centering control and blind spot intervention; and Automotive Emergency Braking (AEB), which includes dynamic brake support, crash imminent braking and pedestrian crash avoidance and mitigation. AEB systems, which vary by vehicle, use sensors to detect objects in a driver’s path and become operational just before the crash.

NHTSA has performed research on crash avoidance technology for the last six years. This includes test track evaluations, safety benefit estimation, crash data analysis and ultimately developing objective test procedures to evaluate system performance.

“We believe in the technology are making efforts to disseminate our research findings in reports and presentations,” said Forkenbrock. “We have worked with the industry and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) to establish a voluntary commitment to have most automakers make AEB standard equipment by the year 2022.” There are also plans to incorporate AEB into the new cars assessment program for the model year 2018.

According to NHTSA traffic safety facts, there are about 1.7 million rear-end crashes each year. Although not all of them would benefit from AEB, Forkenbrock said that approximately 910,000 per year could potentially be avoided or mitigated. It is also estimated that the combination of forward collision warning, crash imminent braking and dynamic brake support could prevent 200,000 minor injuries, 4,000 serious injuries and 100 fatalities.

Approximately 613,501 lives have been saved by auto safety technologies over the last 50 years, according to NHTSA. “Safety will continue to be a major influencing factor for innovation including crash avoidance technologies,” said Forkenbrock.

More information and videos are available on the following websites:
www.nhtsa.gov; www.safercar.gov; www.youtube.com/user/USDOTNHTSA/Featured

Following Forkenbrock’s presentation, Mark Allen from Audi talked about the types of driver assistance/crash avoidance technologies from the car manufacturer, such as Audi’s adaptive cruise control, active lane assist and top view camera. This was followed by a summary presented by Richard Salceda and Matthew Valbuena from Mazda, about the company’s new technologies. These include driving position and interior layout, radar cruise control and the lane keep assist system.

More information about these technologies can be found on their websites: www.audi.com and www.mazda.com.


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